North European climate data in the latter part of the Maunder Minimum period, A.D. 1675-1715

extended abstracts from the regional North-European sub-group meeting on historical climatology in Stavanger, Norway

Publisher: Arkeologisk museum i Stavanger in Stavanger, Norway

Written in English
Published: Pages: 66 Downloads: 721
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  • Europe, Northern


  • Paleoclimatology -- Europe, Northern -- Congresses.,
  • Europe, Northern -- Climate -- 17th century -- Congresses.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Statementeditor, Einar Solheim Pedersen.
SeriesAmS-varia,, 25
ContributionsPedersen, Einar Solheim.
LC ClassificationsQC989.E9 N67 1996
The Physical Object
Pagination66 p. :
Number of Pages66
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL592558M
ISBN 108277600151
LC Control Number96184103

Jürg Luterbacher et al., “Monthly Mean Pressure Reconstruction for the Late Maunder Minimum Period (AD –),” International Journal of Climatology 20 (): –; and Keith R. Briffa and Timothy J. Osborn, “Blowing Hot and Cold,” Science , no. (Ma ): – Briffa and Osborn reconstructed. The Mediterranean climate zone is the third major climate zone. it takes up most of South Europe. The summer is hot and dry, because of this there are many vacations and tourists in the summertime. The winters there are mild and wet, it has no snow- there is only three to four inches of rain per month. 1. Introduction. A tendency towards a more persistent positive state of the winter North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) from the s, reaching a peak in the s, prompted questions in the scientific literature during the late s/early s about the role that greenhouse‐gas forcing plays in influencing the variability of the NAO, and to what degree the observed high values were beyond. Sunspot: | | ||| | Sunspot region ,|[1]| during the |partial sol World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available.

In this case, the term “unusually cold” refers to a daily minimum temperature that is colder than the 5 th percentile temperature during the – period. Thus, the minimum temperature on a particular day at a particular station would be considered “unusually cold” if it falls within the coldest 5 percent of measurements at that. This is an archive of past discussions. Do not edit the contents of this page. If you wish to start a new discussion or revive an old one, please do so on the current talk page. The latter part of the 19th century saw a rise in educational opportunities for women. Schools aiming to provide education for girls similar to that afforded to boys were founded in the UK, including the North London Collegiate School (), Cheltenham Ladies' College () and the Girls' Public Day School Trust schools (from ).   Climate is defined not only by average temperature and precipitation but also by the type, frequency, duration, and intensity of weather events such as heat waves, cold spells, storms, floods, and droughts. While the concepts of climate and weather are often confused, it .

The EEA is an agency of the European Union Engineered by: EEA Web Team Software updated on 23 November from version The combined influence of volcanic and solar forcing appears to provide an explanation of the relatively cool hemisphere mean temperatures from A.D. to A.D. Shindell et al. () have argued from model results that regionally—for example, in the North Atlantic and in Western Europe—the climate response to change in solar. June 4, — Growth in the Middle East and North Africa region is projected to fall to percent in as the adverse impact of OPEC production cuts on oil exporters outweighs modestly improving conditions in oil importers.

North European climate data in the latter part of the Maunder Minimum period, A.D. 1675-1715 Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Maunder Minimum roughly coincided with the middle part of the Little Ice Age, during which Europe and North America experienced colder than average r there is a causal relationship, however, is still under evaluation.

The current best hypothesis for the cause of the Little Ice Age is that it was the result of volcanic action. The Maunder Minimum (MM, –) is often regarded as the coldest period of the LIA (Luterbacher et al.

; Barriopedro et al. ) and was concurrent with an extremely low number of sunspots (Vaquero et al. ).Cited by: 8. Rácz, Lajos The Climate of Hungary During the Maunder Minimum (–) Climatic Trends and Anomalies in Europe Frenzel, B.

Stuttgart Fischer Rácz, Lajos Variations of Climate in Hungary (–) European Climate Reconstructed from Documentary Data: Methods and Results Frenzel, B. Stuttgart Fischer Author: Sam White. Because the Maunder Minimum represents the climax of the LIA in Europe (e.g., Luterbacher et al.,PAGES 2k Consortium, ) and had a strong climatic impact on the Balkan Peninsula (Xoplaki et al., ), it is reasonable to assume that the Maunder Minimum substantially impacted the aquatic system of Etoliko by: Ogilvie, A.

J.:‘Sea Ice conditions off the coast of Iceland A.D. – with special reference to part of the Late Maunder Minimum period –’, Am.

Varia 25 (Archaeological Museum Stavanger, Norway), 9– Google ScholarCited by: Climate model simulates global cold climate and large- scale North Atlantic sea-ice anomalies during Late Maunder Minimum () to part of the Maunder Minimum period (   An international team that includes scientists from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) has published a reconstruction of the climate in northern Europe over.

Maunder Minimum (LMM; –) and the Early Instrum ental Period (EIP; –) for southeastern Europe in order to incorporate these data into re- constructions of monthly atmospheric. This paper discusses the state of European research in historical climatology. This field of science and an overview of its development are described in detail.

Special attention is given to the documentary evidence used for data sources, including its drawbacks and advantages. Further, methods and significant results of historical-climatological research, mainly A.D. 1675-1715 book sinceare. The Little Ice Age ( A.D.

to the 20 th Century) At the end of the Medieval Warm Period, ~ A.D., temperatures dropped ~4 °C (~7 °F) in ~20 years and the cold period that followed is known as the Little Ice Age.

The colder climate that ensued for several centuries was devastating. For example, during the prolonged Maunder Minimum cold period from toassociated with an NAO‒ phase, winters were characterized by more-frequent blocking situations connected with cold air outbreaks toward central and eastern Europe.

Springs were cold and characterized by a southward shift of the midlatitude storm tracks, and. In contrast to the Maunder Minimum cold period, a persistent NAO+ mode was reconstructed for the Medieval Warm Period from ~ to Modeling studies suggest that the NAO during the LGM differed from the modern one, as it was characterized by four centers of action (48), and weaker latitudinal fluctuation of the eddy-driven jet (42).

The Little Ice Age (LIA) was a period of cooling that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period. Although it was not a true ice age, the term was introduced into scientific literature by François E. Matthes in It has been conventionally defined as a period extending from the 16th to the 19th centuries, but some experts prefer an alternative timespan from about to about   In the 14th century, four centuries of mild weather came to an abrupt halt in Europe.

Famine and frigid temperatures ensued, and roughly 10 percent of the population died. History of Europe - History of Europe - Climate: Given man’s dependence on nature, the deterioration of the climate during the Little Ice Age of the 17th century should be considered as a demographic factor.

The absence of sunspots after was noted by astronomers using the recently invented telescope; the aurora borealis (caused by high-energy particles from the Sun entering the Earth. Annually resolved summer temperatures for the European Alps are described.

The reconstruction covers the a.d. – period and is based on recent and historic larch [Larix decidua Mill.] density series. The regional curve standardization method was applied to preserve interannual to multicentennial variations in this high-elevation proxy dataset.

In Pedersen, E. (ed.), AmS-Varia 25 North European climate data in the latter part of the Maunder Minimum period A.S.

Extended abstracts for the Regional North-European sub-group meeting on historical climatology in Stavanger, Norway, pp. The climate is cold and temperate.

Saint Petersburg has a significant amount of rainfall during the year. This is true even for the driest month. [1] We present new high‐resolution proxy data for the Holocene history of drift ice off Iceland based on the mineralogy of the data, bolstered by a comparison with published proxy records, point to a long‐term increasing trend in drift ice input into the North Atlantic from 6 to 5 ka toward the present day at sites.

The period of great political unrest that divided Europe into eastern and western sections was called _____. the Iron Curtain After World War II, the division between eastern and western Europe was known as.

Europe has experienced a pronounced summer (June–August) warming of approximately °C over the – period (figure 1b), accompanied by an increase of severe heat waves (length, frequency and persistency), most notably inand (Luterbacher et alSchär et alBeniston, Della-Marta et alGarcía-Herrera et alBarriopedro et al   The climate of most of Central and Eastern Europe, including southern Scandinavia, is categorized as cool-summer humid continental – the same climate found in.

Maria-João Alcoforado, Maria de Fátima Nunes, João Carlos Garcia, João Paulo Taborda, Temperature and precipitation reconstruction in southern Portugal during the late Maunder Minimum (AD –), The Holocene, /, 10, 3, (), (). Whether it grants membership to candidate countries that want to become part of the European Union D.

Whether the Euro is accepted by all countries in Europe The period of cooler climate that significantly reduced the growing season for crops that occurred in about C.E. North-western Europe's Climate. A recent paper, published in PLoS One, focuses on calibrating climate reconstructions using European data, but one side effect of the work is a further indication that the medieval warm period.

Ogilvie, A. Sea-ice conditions off rhe coasts of Iceland A.D. with special reference to part of the Maunder Minimum period (). North European climate data in the latter part of the Maunder Minimum period A.D. Conference, North European climate data in the latter part of the Maunder Minimum period A.D.

During these periods, only the Sporer minimum period was clearly cold, while the Oort minimum period was cold in northern and eastern Europe and the Dalton minimum period was cold to the west. This is in disagreement with findings by [36] of a clear fingerprint of the Oort, Sporer and Maunder minima from reconstructions in the Alps.

Europe is generally characterized by a temperate climate. Most of Western Europe has an Oceanic climate, in the Köppen climate classification, featuring cool to warm summers and cool winters with frequent overcast skies.

Southern Europe has a distinctively Mediterranean climate, which features warm to hot, dry summers and cool to mild winters and frequent sunny skies. All data are expressed as anomalies from their – mean and smoothed with a year filter. Graphic from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report.

Looking at the relative contributions of these forcings to climate change over the past 1, years, scientists have concluded from model simulations that.

Search for articles, products, and data at the National Centers for Environmental Information Search Field: Search button: Home > Climate Monitoring > Monitoring References > U.S.

Climate Divsions. These factors interfere with the matching of different records when trying to map the pattern of the period’s climate. To understand the period investigators pull together information from various sources and even historical period documents, in the latter case with the intention of linking the climatic history to human resilience and.An important indicator of Holocene climate change is provided by evidence for variations in the extent of drift ice.

A proxy for drift ice in Iceland waters is provided by the presence of quartz. Q. The Maunder Minimum (MM), which occurred between andis mainly known as an almost spotless period on the Sun.

We analyze the nominal number of sunspot groups for each observer individually. Comparing the sunspot drawings and textual reports, we conclude that the latter underestimate the number of sunspots.