intensive observational study of five infants at potential risk.

by Briggs, Stephen. in University of East London

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 415
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Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of East London, 1995.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20701025M

This study was one of the largest to address this question reported to date and it adds to the available evidence by emphasising relevant risk factors for breastfeeding and the importance of a tongue‐tie in this context. In our study, more than half of the newborn infants with tongue‐tie had breastfeeding : Sara‐Maria Schlatter, Wiebke Schupp, Jörg‐Elard Otten, Sabine Harnisch, Mirjam Kunze, Dimitra Stavro.   However, the specific incidence of sepsis as well as associated risk factors is unknown. This prospective, 4-year observational study took place in the pediatric intensive care and neonatal medicine department of the Paris South University Hospitals (Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France), CDH national referral center and involved 62 neonates with by: 3. Observational Studies in a Learning Health System: The National Academies Press. doi: / looking at subgroups to see if differences with sufficient power to draw conclusions about a particular subset of high-risk mothers or high-risk infants exist. The beauty of this approach, said Cullen, is how simple it is to do this.   A recent study 1 prospectively evaluated the Rochester criteria,2 the Lab-score,3 and the Step-by-Step approach4 (Table 1 1) for their ability to distinguish low-risk infants from higher-risk Author: Joshua Steinberg.

A sub-study will assess a reference group comprised of a limited number of healthy term infants born in Network centers to meet the following three aims: 1) to avoid potential ascertainment biases due to examiner expectations when only extremely preterm or other high-risk infants are assessed 2) in the absence of well-developed norms for the.   Lennert Slobbe, Suzanne Polinder, Jeanette K. Doorduijn, Pieternella J. Lugtenburg, Abdelilah el Barzouhi, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Bart J. A. Rijnders, Outcome and Medical Costs of Patients with Invasive Aspergillosis and Acute Myelogenous Leukemia–Myelodysplastic Syndrome Treated with Intensive Chemotherapy: An Observational Study, Clinical Cited by:   A seminal study of paediatric mortality in the UK estimated that approximately one in five children who die in hospital have avoidable factors leading to death and up to half of children have potentially avoidable factors.1 The report concluded that ‘there should be ways of telling if something is wrong with a child as early as possible, for Cited by: This rate represents a significant increase compared with the earlier years of the study: the annual person-based rate in the national dataset was 39 (25–58) per infants in , corresponding to an annual percentage change of 85% (95% CI 71–99, pCited by: 2.

  Plans for discharge home from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) should begin with identification of which infants are at-risk for developing disability or early demise. As much as possible.   Use of real-time semiquantitative PCR data in management of a neonatal intensive care unit adenovirus outbreak - Volume 39 Issue 9 - Nicholas D. Hysmith, Mary R. Tanner, Sandra R. Arnold, Steven C. Buckingham, Anami R. Patel, Ramasubbareddy Dhanireddy, Katha Comeaux, Joy Joyner, Mary Ellen Hoehn, John P. DeVincenzoAuthor: Nicholas D. Hysmith, Mary R. Tanner, Sandra R. Arnold, Steven C. Buckingham, Anami R. Patel, Ramasub. An observational study was conducted on board vehicles used for school transportation in Israel between December and March The study population consisted of pupils enrolled in the general education system who lived in rural communities and travelled by means of school transportation to and from school in both the morning and the.   A study showed that flu vaccine reduced children’s risk of flu-related pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission by 74% during flu seasons from In , a study in the journal Pediatrics external icon was the first of its kind to show that flu vaccination also significantly reduced a child’s risk of dying from the flu.

intensive observational study of five infants at potential risk. by Briggs, Stephen. Download PDF EPUB FB2

An intensive observational study of five infants at potential risk Author: Briggs, StephenCited by: 1. This thesis employs detailed naturalistic observations to study infants from birth to two years.

The intensive observational method was originally a training method used in the education of psychotherapists, and it is here adapted for the purposes of research, providing the means whereby the adaptation of the infants within the context of their families could be studied in considerable by: 1.

Observing when infants are at potential risk: reflections from a study of five infants, concentrating on observations of a Bengali infant This chapter describes some Cited by: 1. Europe PMC is an archive of life sciences journal literature. This website requires cookies, and the limited processing of your personal data in order to by: 1.

Infant observation research: What have we learned so far. object’ of infant observational study has been has much to offer social workers working with infants in high risk situations in Author: Michael Rustin.

Observational studies of children at play found they exposed themselves to risk but displayed clear strategies for mitigating harm [68,76]. Australian children, for the most part, engaged in behaviours that were well within their current capabilities [ 8 ].Cited by: observational study designs are possible but that they entail many potential pitfalls; One of the most well-known set of observational studies is the "Framingham Heart Study", which included research on risk factors for heart disease (Mamun, ).

In this study some risk factors, such as smoking, diet and exercise, were not under the File Size: KB. Of 7 RCTs and 20 observational studies identified, 5 trials and 13 studies were included in evidence tables. The trials were underpowered to study mortality and enrolled different patient.

Cohort studies (and case control studies) are well suited for quantifying risk due to an exposure and assessing whether a particular treatment is associated with a greater risk of harm than the.

The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of endotracheal tube (ETT) suction–related adverse events (AEs) and to examine associations between AEs and patient and suction characteristics.

Secondary objectives were to describe ETT suction practices in an Australian paediatric intensive Author: Jessica A.

Schults, Jessica A. Schults, Jessica A. Schults, Debbie A. Long, Debbie A. Long, Debbie A. 6/7 and one infant was born at 34 5/7 completed weeks.

Due to the real life design of the study, no power calculation was performed. Data collection Potential participants i.e., late preterm infants cared for in family rooms at the postnatal wards, were identified through the log book at the hospital’s maternity ward.

The bookCited by: 3. In a policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) (AAP, ), high-risk infants were defined broadly as including (1) the preterm infant; (2) the infant with special healthcare needs or dependence on technology; (3) the infant at risk because of family issues; and (4) the infant with anticipated early death.

We present a prospective, observational study evaluating the incidence of medication errors (ME) in a university hospital pediatric emergency department and describe their characteristics and determinants. A systematic analysis of the handwritten prescriptions was conducted by a clinician and by: 1.

This was an observational cohort study in which parents to healthy late preterm infants, born between 34 5/7 and 36 6/7 completed weeks of gestation, recorded duration of SSC provided by mother and father, respectively. Demographic and clinical variables were retrieved from the medical records and were used as by: 3.

If an observational study design is chosen, then the choice of a database is also crucial. In this chapter, we will explore how researchers might work through converting a clinical question into a research question using the clinical scenario of indwelling Cited by: 2.

Thermoregulation problems, hyperbilirubinemia, and sepsis are all conditions related to immaturity and warrant close observation. After discharge the infant is at risk for rehospitalization related to these problems. AWHONN launched the Near-Term Infant Initiative to study the problem and ways to ensure that these infants receive adequate care.

DESIGN: An observational study covered parents (72 mothers and 53 fathers) of infants aged months who were hospitalised in the neonatal intensive care unit during the neonatal period. SETTING: Third-referral neonatal intensive care by: AWARE was a prospective, observational study that recruited children and young people from 32 paediatric ICUs in nine countries: USA, Canada, Serbia, Italy, England, Croatia, Australia, South Korea, and Indonesia (appendix) for 3 consecutive months in Cited by: Abstract The Autism Observation Scale for Infants (AOSI) was developed to detect and monitor early signs of autism as they emerge in high-risk infants (all with an older.

Early prediction of acute kidney injury has the potential to improve outcomes. In smaller, single-centre trial populations, we have previously derived and validated the performance of a renal angina index, a context-driven risk stratification system, to predict severe acute kidney injury in children Cited by: using an evidence-based approach.

The Admission, Discharge and Triage Guidelines served as the starting point, and searches in Medline (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), and PubMed resulted in articles published from to Only 21 pediatric studies evaluating outcomes related to pediatric level of care, specialized PICU, patient volume, or personnel.

Of these, 13 studies were large. a research study and how it should be given. Describe “harm” as a potential hazard to participants, and identify strategies for determining its level of acceptability within a research study.

Identify the issues in research that directly affect the “privacy” of an individual. Define “deception” and the rationale for why it.

All five of the epidemiological studies po int to a connection between intensive football playing by children and adolescents and the risk of varus deform ity of the leg axis. The concept of designations for hospital facilities that care for newborn infants according to the level of complexity of care provided was first proposed in Subsequent diversity in the definitions and application of levels of care has complicated facility-based evaluation of clinical outcomes, resource allocation and utilization, and service delivery.

Study setting and design. This prospective observational study was conducted in the pediatric ward of Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH), Ethiopia, which had a bed capacity of The hospital was providing both outpatient and inpatient pediatric services for children less than 14 by:   Method: The aim of this study is to systematically review the available scientific evidence issued from observational studies on the clinical effectiveness of psychotherapeutic tools designed to treat patients at suicide risk.

We have thus performed a systematic search of PubMed and Web of Science by: 4. Washington, DC -- At-risk students who have access to the arts in or out of school also tend to have better academic results, better workforce opportunities, and more civic engagement, according to a new NEA report, The Arts and Achievement in At-Risk Youth: Findings from Four Longitudinal study reports these and other positive outcomes associated with high.

This study included 54 children treated for biopsy-proven, BRAF VE-mutated LCH considered refractory. 12 Three patients were reported previously, 9,10,13 and their follow-up was extended.

Patients were classified as risk organ (RO) positive (liver, spleen, and/or blood cytopenia 12) or negative according to LCH hage activation syndrome was defined according to the literature Cited by: 1.

(See the editorial commentary by Peters and Poehling on pages –3.) One to 7 per 10 US children under the age of 18 years are hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza each year [1–6].Although most of these children require only standard care, 4%–24% of children hospitalized with influenza-related illness are admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) for life-threatening Cited by: Substantial progress has been made in the fight against tuberculosis (TB); however, new approaches are needed to achieve the current target set by the World Health Organization (WHO) to reduce TB incidence to 90% of levels by ().A key element of WHO’s End TB Strategy is the prioritization of preventive treatment ().However, the preventable burden of childhood TB has not been.

More than 4% of all hospitalized patients less than 18 years and ~ 8% of patients admitted to PICUs in high-income countries have sepsis [2,3,4,5,6].

Mortality for children with sepsis ranges from 4% to as high as 50%, depending on illness severity, risk factors, and geographic location [2, 3, 7,8,9].Cited by: 1.Wide variations in sedation and analgesia practices occur between NICUs and countries.

Widespread use of O-SH-GA in intubated neonates might prolong their need for mechanical ventilation, but further research is needed to investigate the therapeutic and adverse effects of O-SH-GA in neonates, and to develop new and safe approaches for sedation and analgesia.Risk factors for ventilator-associated pneumonia in the neonatal intensive care unit: a meta-analysis of observational studies.

Tan B(1), Zhang F, Zhang X, Huang YL, Gao YS, Liu X, Li YL, Qiu JF. Author information: (1)School of Public Health and Management, Cited by: